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Cognitive Study Methods

Learning is more engaging if we are active learners. This means building into the learning process thinking as a way of dealing with concepts, ideas, experiments, that in turn are linked and unlinked and reconnected. Study techniques that promote thinking are considered cognitive in nature, as opposed to rote memorization. Encourage students to use the categories in Bloom's Taxonomy to devise study goals.

Generally, cognitive study methods involve thinking through the material repeatedly.

When reading an assignment, study plans might include:

      1. list important concepts
      2. mark most important lines
      3. answer questions orally or in writing
      4. explain text in own words
      5. look for examples out of your own experiences
      6. make an outline or table of contents
      7. write out subtitles
      8. identify concepts and compare with each other
      9. define words that are not defined
      10. write summaries
      11. write words down from memory and discover relationship between them
      12. find main themes
      13. discover author's viewpoint
      14. write a sketch as an aid in memorizing; reproduce text with the help of your sketch
      15. make comparisons with previously learned material and concepts, ideas, relationships
      16. answer questions with the help of a dictionary, but without recourse to text
      17. read to understand material; study to understand (as if you need to teach it to someone else)


List other ways to engage actively with your reading material
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