- Identify the topic of the reading. Use it as a
"trigger" for the student's prior knowledge. Collectively
fill the "K" column before giving the assignment.
- Take each heading in
the reading and convert it to a question using the words
"who" "what" "when" "where"
"why" and "how." Be sure to guide the students
into asking questions that you know the author actually answers in the
reading. Also, it is OK to construct more than one question for each
heading. These questions go in the "W" column.
- Assign the reading and instruct students that
after they read the entire piece, go back and answer all the questions
in the "W" column without referring back to the text. They
are to answer the questions in their own words rather trying to answer
the questions as the author might. The answers are placed in the
- The K-W-L strategy does not work well for
readings that do not contain headings. In this case, you should use
the mapping as a pre-reading technique.